Marketing Authorization of Insecticides in India
The Insecticides Act 1968 and Insecticides Rules, 1971 regulate the import, registration process, manufacture, sale, transport, distribution and use of insecticides (pesticides) in India. All insecticides (pesticides) used for any of the aforementioned purposes must file an application and obtain a proper license from Central Insecticides Board & Registration Committee (CIB & RC).
Let us know about the Insecticides Act in India
In the year 1958, there was a large number of death that occurred because of consumption of wheat that was imported for which Government of India selected a commission of enquiry for suggesting some protective measures for this. This lead to the formulation of an Insecticide Act in 1968 for regulation of ingress, production, sale, transportation, distribution and operation of insecticides. On 1st August 1971, this act was brought into force. Under this act, an insecticide has been described as a substance that has been prepared for the obliteration of insects, weeds, and fungi in order to prevent risk to human beings or animals arising from infection and infestation of consumables by insects and for matters connected therewith.
Therefore, all insecticide preparation should have undergone registration with the Central Insecticides Board And Registration Committee before they are sold. Thus, in India, every insecticide that is sold are in the list of “Schedule” of the Insecticides Act 1968.
The Central Insecticides Board (CIB) is responsible for advising central government and the state government on all technical matters and also performs various other functions like –
- Advising Central Government on the manufacture of insecticides.
- Specification of the utilization of classification of insecticides based on their toxicity and suitability for the aerial application.
- Advising on various tolerance limits for residues of insecticides and to set the interval period between the use of insecticides and the harvest period depending on various substances.
Some of the banned pesticides in India are –
- Benzene Hexachloride
- Calcium Cyanide
- Ethyl Parathion
CIBRC supervises all insecticides and then either allows it for registration or rejects it for registration itself. Then also sometimes the insecticides are banned after registration if they cause any kind of harm to the human health. Some pesticides are also put under the category “Restricted use” where an insecticide is allowed for use only for certain purposes.
How is insecticide/pesticide registration is done in India?
Well! an individual who wants to either manufacture or do import have to first apply for CROP online for obtaining registration of insecticides and for each type of insecticide there are separate applications.
The different types of registration are –
- Provisional registration
This registration is for a novel molecule that has been introduced in India for the first time and the registration is granted for a period of two years.
- Regular registration
It is Subject to the submission of complete data.
- “Me too” registration
After registration of a molecule, another person can apply for registration.
For online registration, you have to first apply online for pesticides registration under various sections and then check for online status and email for notice regarding various milestone of the registration process until deficiency reporting and approval. Then you have to apply online for grievances, if any.
RTT application and endorsement application
If a person wants to do certain research on an insecticide then he can do it by submitting Form C at CIBRC web portal along with all necessary credentials. Further the applicant has to upload various documents related to Bio efficiency and toxicity reports. Conclusively the form C is saved and can be downloaded for further use.
Similarly, if you wish to apply for endorsement application you can apply for it in the CIBRC web portal which has a section for filing the endorsement application, which you have to submit along with various necessary details and documents.On the website you can find three different sections like, a ‘submitted endorsement’ section for checking the status of the already submitted application, ‘saved endorsement’ tab for viewing for saved applications and a ‘new endorsement’ tab to apply for a new endorsement application. After submitting the application you have to periodically check the application status which may show any status like: “applied for registration, undue preliminary scrutinization, under clarification, accepted in preliminary scrutinization, under technical scrutiny, technical scrutiny completed, not accepted, under technical agenda, RC approved, RC rejected and registration certificate issued”. Respective to the processing of your application.
Pertaining to the respective status of your application, you can take further action to get your application approved.
Thus, from this whole article, we can understand the various roles of CIBRC and how important it is to register insecticides. But the process is bit lengthy which may consume a lot of your precious time if you directly apply through the web portal. But if you want to file an application and obtain the certificate quickly. Then your best bet is to hire a consultant who will help you in speeding up the process.
- The Insecticides Act 1968, No. 46 of 1968 (2nd September 1968). The Gazette of India. Extraordinary, Part II, Section I, Ministry of Law, New Delhi.
- Sreenivasa Rao, Cherukuri & Saikia, Nirmali. (2017). Insecticide Act, 1968 & Good Agricultural Practices – Pesticide Residues and Management. 295-310.
- W. Aktar, D. Sengupta, A. Chowdhury, Impact of pesticides use in agriculture: their benefits and hazards, Interdisc Toxicol. 2009; Vol. 2(1): 1–12.
- Central Insecticide Board and Registration Committee. Accessed at- www.cibrc.nic.in
- The Indian Pest Control Association (IPCA) Accessed at- http://ipca.org.in