Insight

Summary of New Drug, New FDC and SND as per Drug and Cosmetic Act

  • 29th July, 2016
Drug

What is a New Drug as per Drug and Cosmetic Rules (D&C)?

As per Rule 122 E of the Drug and Cosmetic Rules 1945, a New Drug can be – [1]

  1. A drug, including bulk drug substance which has not been used in the country and has not been recognized as effective and safe by the licensing authority for the proposed claims.
  2. An approved drug with modified or new claims like –
  • New Indications
  • New Dosage
  • New Dosage Form (including sustained release dosage form)
  • New Route of Administration

 

  1. A fixed dose combination of two or more drugs, individually approved earlier for certain claims, which are now proposed to be-

a) Combined for the first time in a fixed ratio OR

b) If the ratio of ingredients in an already marketed combination is proposed to be changed, with certain claims, which can be-

(i) New Indications

(ii)  New Dosage

(iii) New Dosage Form (including sustained release dosage form.

(iv) New Route of Administration

4. All vaccines shall be new drugs unless certified otherwise by the Licensing Authority.

5. A new drug shall continue to be considered as new drug for a period of four years from the date of its first approval or its inclusion in the Indian Pharmacopoeia, whichever is earlier. [2]

 

 

What Is A Fixed Dose Combination?

Fixed Dose Combinations (FDC’s) refer to products containing two or more active ingredients used for a particular indication(s). As per Rule 122-E of Drugs & Cosmetics Rule, a fixed dose combination of two or more drugs, individually approved earlier for certain claims, which are now proposed to be combined for the first time in a fixed ratio, or if the ratio of ingredients in an already marketed combination is proposed to be changed, with certain claims, viz. indications, dosage, dosage form (including sustained release dosage form) and route of administration are considered new drugs. Further, a new drug shall continue to be considered as new drug for a period of four years from the date of its first approval or its inclusion in the Indian Pharmacopoeia, whichever is earlier. [1]

FDC can be classified into 5 categories. Following are the classification of FDC [3]:

 

FDC Classification

FDC Categories and Classification

 

 

What Is A Subsequent New Drug Application?

A Subsequent New Drug application is an application for approval of an already approved new drug by the Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO). Subsequent new drug application can be made for the following cases:

  • Bulk Drug already approved in the country (approved within 4 years).
  • New drug (Formulation) already approved in the country.
  • A drug already approved and proposed to be marketed with new indication.
  • A drug already approved and proposed to be marketed as a ‘New Dosage Form / New Route of Administration’.
  • A drug already approved and proposed to be marketed as a ‘Modified release dosage form’.
  • A drug already approved and proposed to be marketed with Additional Strength.

All the applications for approval of New Drug, Fixed Dose Combination and Subsequent New Drug are made under Form 44 (Application for grant of permission to import or manufacture a New Drug or to undertake clinical trial).

 

 

 

References

  1. Directorate General of Health Services. The Drugs and Cosmetics Act and Rules. D&C Rule’s 1945- 122E:2005. Delhi: D&C; 2005. p. 134.
  2. Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO). New Drug Checklist. Available from: http://www.cdsco.nic.in/forms/list.aspx?lid=2053&Id=3 [Accessed 19th February 2015].
  3. Central Drugs Standard Control Organization (CDSCO). FDC Checklist. Available from: http://www.cdsco.nic.in/forms/list.aspx?lid=2053&Id=3 [Accessed 19th February 2015].